Profil – Biography of Albert von Szent-Györgyi – Google Doodle

Fri, Sep 16, 2011



Albert von Szent-Györgyi was innate in Budapest upon Sep 16, 1893, a son of Nicolaus von Szent-Györgyi, a good landed renter as well as Josefine, whose father, Joseph Lenhossék, as well as hermit Michael were both Professors of Anatomy in a University of Budapest.

He matriculated in 1911 as well as entered his uncle’s laboratory where he complicated until a conflict of World War we when he was mobilized. He served upon a Italian as well as Russian fronts, gaining a Silver Medal for Valour, as well as he was liberated in 1917 after being bleeding in action.

He finished his studies in Budapest as well as afterwards worked constantly with a pharmacologist, G. Mansfeld during Pozsony, with Armin von Tschermak during Prague, where he complicated electrophysiology, as well as with L. Michaelis in Berlin, prior to he went to Hamburg for a two-year march in earthy chemistry during a Institute for Tropical Hygiene.

In 1920 he became an partner during a University Institute of Pharmocology in Leiden as well as from 1922 to 1926 he worked with H. J. Hamburger during a Physiology Institute, Groningen, The Netherlands. In 1927 he went to Cambridge as a Rockefeller Fellow, operative underneath F. G. Hopkins, as well as outlayed a single year during a Mayo Foundation, Rochester, Minnesota, prior to returning to Cambridge.

In 1930 he performed a Chair of Medical Chemistry during a University of Szeged as well as in 1935 he additionally took a Chair in Organic Chemistry. At a finish of World War II, he took a Chair of Medical Chemistry during Budapest as well as in 1947 he left Hungary to solve in a United States where he is Director of Research, Institute of Muscle Research, Woods Hole, Massachusetts.

Szent-Györgyi’s early researches during Groningen endangered a chemistry of dungeon respiration. He described a independence of oxygen as well as hydrogen activation as well as done his initial observations upon co-dehydrases as well as a polyphenol oxidase systems of plants. He additionally demonstrated a life of a shortening piece in plant as well as animal tissues.

At Cambridge as well as during his early spell in a United States, he removed from adrenals this shortening substance, that is right away well known as ascorbic acid. Returning to Cambridge in 1929, he after described a pharmacological wake up of a nucleotides with Drury.

On his lapse to Hungary, he remarkable a anti-scorbutic wake up of ascorbic poison as well as detected that paprika (capsicum annuum) was a abounding source of vitamin C. His determined studies of biological burning led to a approval of a catalytic duty of a C4-dicarboxylic acids, a find of «cytoflav» (flavin) as well as a approval of a biological wake up as well as illusive vitamin inlet of flavanone (vitamin P).

In 1938 he commenced work upon flesh investigate as well as fast detected a proteins actin as well as myosin as well as their complex. This led to a facsimile of a elemental greeting of flesh contraction that shaped a substructure of flesh investigate in a following decades.

The refuge of biological element in glycerine, that has had endless focus together with rural operate in a refuge of sperm, has resulted from his some-more new work. He has additionally grown a operate of rabbit psoas flesh as an initial material, published theories upon a problems of energetics as well as investigated a law of expansion as well as dungeon surface potential, as well as a hormonal duty of a thymus gland.

Szent-Györgyi, a part of of most scientifc societies, is a Past President of a Academy of Sciences, Budapest, as well as a Vice-President of a National Academy, Budapest. He was Visiting Professor, Harvard University in 1936 as well as Franchi Professor, University of Liège, 1938.

He perceived a Cameron Prize (Edinburgh) in 1946 as well as a Lasker Award in 1954. His most publications embody Oxidation, Fermentation, Vitamins, Health as well as Disease (1939); Muscular Contraction (1947); The Nature of Life (1947); Contraction in Body as well as Heart Muscle (1953); as well as Bioenergetics (1957).

Szent-Györgyi tied together Cornelia Demény, daughter of a Hungarian Postmaster-General, in 1917. During a 1930’s he was actively anti-Nazi as well as during World War II he became a Swedish adult – he was since endless assistance by a Swedish Embassy in Budapest. In 1941, he tied together Màrta Borbiro, a co-worker during Woods Hole: they have a single daughter.

He is meddlesome in competition of all kinds, his favourites being sailing as well as alpinism. From Nobel Lectures, Physiology or Medicine 1922-1941, Elsevier Publishing Company, Amsterdam, 1965. This autobiography/biography was created during a time of a endowment as well as initial published in a book array Les Prix Nobel. It was after edited as well as republished in Nobel Lectures. To bring this document, regularly state a source as shown above. Albert Szent-Györgyi died upon Oct 22, 1986.

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